# Posts by Brenda Kovich

## Cause and Effect Text Structure – How to Explain It

Cause and effect text structure explores relationships between events and what caused them. Let’s take a look at how to teach kids to identify and write in this format. In…
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## Sequence Text Structure – Teaching Chronology

Sequence text structure puts events in time order. Wondering how to teach kids to identify a chronology, as well as to write with this format? In addition to the arrangement…
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## How to Write a Paragraph Example

Teaching kids how to write a paragraph? Use the hamburger analogy – and a paragraph example! They’ll soon understand topic, supporting detail, and concluding sentences. (more…)
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## Light and Color – the Beautiful ROY G. BIV

Light and color go together like the chicken and the egg. Without one, you couldn’t have another! Read on for ideas for teaching this pair, as well as the spectacular…
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## Try This Remarkable Refraction of Light Lab

Teaching refraction of light in upper elementary? Try this simple (but remarkable) lab. Kids explore three situations where water bends the rays. For updates, follow my TPT store. Ms. Sneed…
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## Simple Reflection of Light Experiment for Kids

Try this reflection of light experiment with your kids. It’s easy! Just grab a flashlight and some everyday objects. Then ask kids to reflect the beam onto the wall. For…
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## Easy Ways to Teach Transparent, Translucent, and Opaque

Teach the difference between transparent, translucent, and opaque objects. With just a flashlight and everyday items, you can put together an easy lab, station, or center. (more…)
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## Teaching How Light Travels – Energy for Kids

Teaching how light travels? For kids in elementary school, keep this energy lesson simple. Light travels in a straight line. Read on for activities to let third, fourth, or fifth…
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## How Density Affects Sound in Solids, Liquids, and Gases

Density affects sound. Kids in third, fourth, and fifth grade can investigate how it travels through solids, liquids, and gases. If you have a swimming pool, it’s easy. But you…
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## 2 Simple Activities to Explore Materials That Conduct Sound

Which materials conduct sound? Which insulate it? Try these simple activities. Your third, fourth, or fifth grade students will love them! (more…)
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